The Truth About Food and Health
The Truth About Food and Health
The Biology of Belief
Unleashing the Power of Consciousness, Matter, & Miracles
By Bruce H. Lipton, Ph.D.

The Biology of Belief Book - Bruce H. Lipton PhDBook Description
The Biology of Belief is a groundbreaking work in the field of New Biology. Author Dr. Bruce Lipton is a former medical school professor and research scientist. His experiments, and those of other leading-edge scientists, have examined in great detail the processes by which cells receive information. The implications of this research radically change our understanding of life. It shows that genes and DNA do not control our biology; that instead DNA is controlled by signals from outside the cell, including the energetic messages emanating from our positive and negative thoughts. Dr. Lipton's profoundly hopeful synthesis of the latest and best research in cell biology and quantum physics is being hailed as a major breakthrough showing that our bodies can be changed as we retrain our thinking.

Also Available
Wisdom of your Cells - Bruce Lipton

Press Release
New Research Reveals That Thoughts Affect Genes
Groundbreaking scientific studies find that genes can be turned on and off by environmental signals, including thoughts, feelings and emotions, from outside the cell. Cellular biologist Dr. Bruce Lipton, a former medical school professor and research scientist, was one of the first scientists to posit such extra-cellular control. Dr. Lipton conducted a series of experiments that reveal that the cell membrane, the outer layer of a cell, is the organic equivalent of a computer chip, and the cell's equivalent of a brain. Although this view conflicts with the widely held scientific dogma that genes control behavior, papers by other researchers have validated his iconoclastic thinking.

Dr. Lipton has also been a pioneer in applying the principles of quantum physics to the field of cellular biology. Traditional cell biology focuses on physical molecules that control biology. Dr. Lipton on the other hand focuses on the mechanisms through which energy in the form of our beliefs can affect our biology, including our genetic code.

Now, in The Biology of Belief, Dr. Lipton summarizes such leading edge science and explores its implications for our lives. Dr. Lipton shows that human beings can control gene activity and even rewrite their genes by focusing on their beliefs. These beliefs, true or false, positive or negative, creative or destructive, exist not simply in our minds; they are directed downward to the level of the cells of our bodies. He also shows how even our most firmly held beliefs can be changed, which means that we have the power to reshape our lives.

Dr. Lipton believes that this emerging model of cell biology will have as great an effect on our scientific paradigm as the emergence of quantum theory had on physics. The fact that energy impacts cells as profoundly as physical molecules provides a scientific explanation for the efficacy of conventional medicine, alternative therapies, and spiritual healing.

The traditional antagonism between science and spirit and between alternative and conventional medicines is obsolete.

"Finally, a compelling and easy-to-understand explanation of how your emotions regulate your genetic expression! You need to read this book to truly appreciate that you are not a victim to your genes but instead have unlimited capacity to live a life overflowing with peace, happiness and love."
- Joseph Mercola, D.O.
Founder of, the world's most visited natural health web site

"This book is an absolute must read if you want to know, from a scientific view point, that your lifestyle is in control of your health rather than your genetics. From a scientific viewpoint, Lipton demonstrates that the mind is more powerful than drugs to regain our health. The information reveals that your health is more your responsibility than just being a victim of your genes. When I started reading this book, I could not stop until it was finished."
- M.T. Morter, Jr., D.C.
Founder of Morter Health System,
Developer of the B.E.S.T. Technique

"History will record The Biology of Belief as one of the most important writings of our times. Bruce Lipton has delivered the missing link between the understandings of biomedicine of the past and the essentials of energetic healing of the future. His complex insights are expressed in a readily understandable fashion with a style that welcomes the scientist and the non-scientist on an equal footing. For anyone interested in health, the well-being of the species and the future of human life. The implications of the perspectives outlined have the potential to change the world as we know it. Bruce Lipton's understandings and his concise expression of them are sheer genius."
- Gerard W. Clum, D.C.
President, Life Chiropractic College West

"Dr. Lipton is a genius - his breakthrough discoveries give us tools for regaining the sovereignty over our lives. I recommend this book to anyone who is ready and willing to take full responsibility for themselves and the destiny of our planet."
 - LeVar Burton
Actor and Director

"This is a courageous and visionary book that provides solid evidence from quantum biology to dispel the myth of genetic determinism-and implicitly, victimhood.  Dr. Bruce Lipton brings a solid scientific mind to not only inform but to transform and empower the reader with the realization that our beliefs create every aspect of our personal reality. A provocative and inspiring read!"
- Lee Pulos, Ph.D., A.B.P.P.
Clinical Assistant Professor Emeritus, Department of Psychiatry, University of British Columbia
Author of "Miracles and Other Realities" and "Beyond Hypnosis"

Dr. Bruce Lipton Ph.D. BioDr Bruce Lipton PhD
Dr. Bruce Lipton is an internationally recognized authority in bridging science and spirit. He has been a guest speaker on dozens of TV and radio shows, as well as keynote presenter for national conferences.

Dr. Lipton began his scientific career as a cell biologist. He received his Ph.D. degree from the University of Virginia at Charlottesville before joining the Department of Anatomy at the University of Wisconsin's School of Medicine in 1973. Dr. Lipton's research on muscular dystrophy, studies employing cloned human stem cells, focused upon the molecular mechanisms controlling cell behavior. An experimental tissue transplantation technique developed by Dr. Lipton and colleague Dr. Ed Schultz and published in the journal Science was subsequently employed as a novel form of human genetic engineering.

In 1982, Dr. Lipton began examining the principles of quantum physics and how they might be integrated into his understanding of the cell's information processing systems. He produced breakthrough studies on the cell membrane, which revealed that this outer layer of the cell was an organic homologue of a computer chip, the cell's equivalent of a brain. His research at Stanford University's School of Medicine, between 1987 and 1992, revealed that the environment, operating though the membrane, controlled the behavior and physiology of the cell, turning genes on and off. His discoveries, which ran counter to the established scientific view that life is controlled by the genes, presaged one of today's most important fields of study, the science of epigenetics. Two major scientific publications derived from these studies defined the molecular pathways connecting the mind and body. Many subsequent papers by other researchers have since validated his concepts and ideas.

Dr. Lipton's novel scientific approach transformed his personal life as well. His deepened understanding of cell biology highlighted the mechanisms by which the mind controls bodily functions, and implied the existence of an immortal spirit. He applied this science to his personal biology, and discovered that his physical well-being improved, and the quality and character of his daily life was greatly enhanced.

Dr. Lipton has taken his award-winning medical school lectures to the public and is currently a sought after keynote speaker and workshop presenter. Today, Bruce lectures to conventional and complementary medical professionals and lay audiences about leading-edge science and how it dovetails with mind-body medicine and spiritual principles. He has been heartened by anecdotal reports from hundreds of former audience members who have improved their spiritual, physical and mental well being by applying the principles he discusses in his lectures. He is regarded as one of the leading voices of the new biology.

A Simple Q & A
Q: You state that the conclusions of conventional science are "flawed" because they are based upon three major assumptions that are apparently no longer valid.  Which of science's cherished beliefs are in question and how have they impacted our lives?
A: The Central Dogma - the belief that DNA controls life; Newtonian Physics-the belief that the world is a material mechanism; and neo-Darwinian theory - the notion that life's strategy is based upon the "survival of the fittest in the struggle for survival."

Q: What is the fundamental difference between the conventional science we have all come to learn and the "new biology" that is emphasized in your book?
A: Our source, "identity," is not from within the body, and it is immortal; We are not victims of life we are creators of life; a human organism is not an singular individual, it is in reality, a "community" of sentient cells.

Q: Cells can be conceived as miniature "people"?
A: Cells have "lives," they need basic requirements, they have social order among them, as well as politics. Their "necessities" are fundamentally our necessities.

Q: Do cells have a "brain"?
A: The cell membrane [ie, its skin] reads environmental stimuli, transduces the information into a biochemical "awareness" which is then used to regulate cell behavior and gene activity.

Q: What is cellular consciousness?
A: Cells are aware of their environments via their receptors and make informed decisions in response to stimuli that comprise their "field".

Q: Your work emphasizes that the fundamental units of awareness are actually molecular units of "perception."  What are perceptions? How do they relate to beliefs?
A: The cell's I/O's are receptor and effector protein complexes; they provide awareness of the environment [receptors] and send stimuli [effectors] to engage the cell's systems.  By definition, these membrane proteins provide the cell with an "awareness of the environment through physical sensation", this is the precise dictionary definition of the word perception.  Complex perceptions, as experienced by humans, are based upon interpretations of experiences. In society there is an especial emphasis to express conformity with our interpretations.  We may "buy" our interpretations of life experiences (learning) from those we perceive to be experts. However, experts can be wrong, so we may be operating from acquired misperceptions. Conclusions: perceptions control life, but they might be right or they may be wrong…hence they are our beliefs.

Q: It is held by almost all scientists that genes control the character of our lives. Are you really saying that genes don't "cause" things like cancer or Alzheimer's disease?
A: Enucleation studies reveal that cells without genes carry on with life as normal, some up to two or more months.  Fact, control is not in the genes.  Genes offer potentials.

Q: If genes don't control life…what does?  Essentially, how does life "work?"
A: Cells are designed to dynamically read their environment and adjust their behavior and genes in order to survive. Environmental "signals" are the primary source that engages cellular mechanisms.

Q: If DNA does not control our lives, what exactly are genes and how do they work?
A: Genes are "linear-blueprints" used in manufacturing protein molecules.  Proteins are the body's building blocks that provide for our structure and functions. When a body part or subunit needs to be manufactured we use gene "blueprints" to create these "parts".  The nucleus is like a file cabinet filled with folders of blueprints.  Signals derived from the cell's "brain" [membrane] "select" which genes are needed to create the structures or functions required by the cell in order to maintain life.

Q: In your work you emphasize a new scientific understanding known as epigenetic control. What is epigenetics?
A: Currently the old belief is in genetic control, i.e. genes control life. Epi means "above."  So literally, epigenetic control translates as "control above the genes." Simply, genes are not the source of life…there is something above them that controls biology.  This something is the environment, and more importantly, our perceptions [beliefs] of the environment.

Q: You go so far as to say that when the science of epigenetics becomes part of our basic education, it will change civilization.  That's a big claim. How did you come to that conclusion?
A: We are currently taught that genes control life.  However, we will come to realize that our learned perceptions of life control our biology…with that awareness we will find that it is a lot easier and more powerful to rewrite our perceptions than it is our genes.  With this knowledge we can knowingly control our life experiences.

Q: In your book, you emphasize the influence of quantum physics and its relationship to biology. What is the significance of this physics in regards to how we experience life?
A: Old physics says that all "information" controlling biology is in the physical form (atoms and molecules, ie "drugs.  New research reveals that protein behaviors respond to energy patterns derived from quantum mechanical principles…we are "controlled by both physical matter and invisible force fields.  Conventional science has ignored the powerful energy fields, which are more influential than are the material signals.

Q: What is electromagnetic or energy medicine/healing?
A: It is harnessing the power of energy fields, including thought, to control the body's biochemistry via these new quantum physics insights about life.

Q: You describe how cells express only 3 basic responses to environmental stimuli What are they? How does this fundamental behavior relate to humans?
A: Observing cells one can see that they can respond to their "perceptions" of the environment by engaging only one of three responses; they can move to a stimulus if it is deemed that it will support life, they can move away from a stimulus if it is deemed threatening of life; and lastly, the can ignore a stimulus if it is considered irrelevant to life.  Moving forward and taking in the stimulus means to be open and in growth.  Moving away and closing oneself down to a stimulus is done for protection.  Cells can not move forward and backward at the same time, hence they cannot be in growth and in protection at the same time.  When humans perceive "threatening" stimuli, they will engage in a protection response by shutting themselves down and moving away from the stimulus.  This means we stop growing when in protection, an event that directly leads to death if it is chronic or maintained!

Q: Through evolution, individual cells came together in the form of communities.  We perceive such communities as "organisms, eg, a fish, snake, tree, and even a human.  What is the essence of a community and why did they evolve?
A: Cells came together in community to share awareness and enhance their survival.  The same thing applies as to individuals in a human community. In community, each individual gives up their own "control"  of what they are going to do and instead conforms to the coordinating central voice's directives.  In the cellular community of a human, that central voice is the mind.

Q: How is a cell community organized so that it survives.  What/who is in "control"?
A: The brain is the source of the "central voice." It has two subdivisions, the subconscious and the conscious mind.  The subconscious is a million times more powerful than the conscious.  But the subconscious is only "habitual," it will only play the programs with which it has been loaded. 95% of our daily activities are controlled by the subconscious mind. The less powerful conscious mind is unique for it is creative, it can "observe" the body's operations and manually control the mechanism, overriding the read-only subconscious programs.

Q: You emphasize that the "subconscious" controls most of our behavior/physiology and that it operates through "programs."  Describe these programs and where they come from.
A: There are two fundamental classes of programs in the subconscious data base, those derived from evolution [instincts] and those "learned" through life experiences.

Q: What is significance of "conscious parenting" in programming a child's genes, intelligence and behavior?
A: The physical and behavioral development of a fetus and neonate and infant are controlled by the perceptions acquired from parents.  In this regard the parents serve as genetic engineers in programming a child's life.

Q: When you talk about the biology of belief, are you talking about the power of positive thinking?  Why do people have so many problems in trying to exercise the power of positive thinking?
A: Positive thinking is an activity of the conscious mind.  If the subconscious mind is programmed with beliefs and perceptions that are not aligned with the conscious mind's intentions, there is conflict.  In the case of conflict, it must be recognized that the subconscious mind is a million times more powerful than the conscious mind.  It takes an awfully large amount of will power for the conscious mind to override the subconscious programs, most people fail to control their unconscious programs.

Q: Talk about how we can learn to retrain our consciousness to create healthy beliefs - which can also help us in every other area of our lives.
A: First important point…there is no "consciousness" in the subconscious, it is strictly a "tape" player.  There are ways to rewrite the tapes but you cannot just "talk" to this subconscious for there is "no one" in there.

Q: You talk about the innate intelligence and healing power of the human system. How come we appear to be so fragile? Why don't we see and hear more about this ability in people's lives?
A: We are programmed into weakness, for we become a great market to sell relief.

Q: Does spirituality fit into all this?
A: Yes, our identity is outside of the cell and "plays" through sets of molecular antennas on the cell membrane. The source is independent of the mortal living body.

Q: Talk about the ecological aspect of all this.
A: Healing ourselves means healing our planet/world. 

Q: Your conclusions suggest that neo-Darwinian theory does not fully reflect how life arose on this planet.  Does the "new biology" support evolution or creationism?
A: Interestingly…both. They are one and the same. Evolution is the creation of all things, and creating is how things evolve.

Q: Your work concludes that evolution is based upon fractal geometry.  What is fractal geometry and what is its role in evolution?  What does this new insight about evolution offer us compared to our current beliefs?
A: Fractals are the geometry that defines why there is truth in the axiom: "As is above, so it is below." We are reliving patterns of evolution history and civilization is on the verge of a radical evolutionary leap, tantamount to the jump from reptiles to mammals.  Big stuff!

Interview with Bruce Lipton
Q: What is it like for you to be pressing the edges of the conventional, entrenched wisdom of the medical/health care field?
A: I am on an amazing journey that is filled with exhilarating life experiences expressing both sweet and sour consequences.  On the sweet side is the fact that I am having the most exciting time of my life!!  My research revealed a revolutionary understanding of how life "worked" twenty years ago and this awareness is now beginning to be recognized by leading edge science.  The beautiful part is that with a twenty year head start over my former colleagues, I have not only benefited by applying this empowering awareness in creating the joyous life I am experiencing, but I have been able to extend that knowledge to reveal how the world can thrive and evolve. 

The sweetness of that knowledge is also where the "sour" part comes in to the picture.  Our conventional world is engaged in a ruthless survival of the fittest competition, based upon science's endorsement of Darwinian theory, a belief that emphasizes, "life is a struggle for survival." In contrast, the new biology reveals a completely different understanding of our place in the world.  Science is now recognizing that we are an integral part of a giant living community, collectively referred to as Gaia. The new science underscores the fact that our survival is based upon the cooperation of all the organisms in the biosphere.  Unfortunately, our social consciousness, shaped by Darwinian science, is so destructive to the environment that it has already precipitated the planet's sixth mass extinction-which of course threatens the survival of humanity.

Yet there is also good news.  Just as some terminal cancer patients undergo a spontaneous remission, the living Gaia can do the same.  As with those cancer patients, all we need to do to save our world is change our beliefs, and this is precisely the consequence of the evolving new science.  My book, The Biology of Belief: Unleashing the Power of Consciousness, Matter and Miracles, provides an easy to understand explanation of how our thoughts and mind create both our internal (biological) and external (social) life experiences.

Q: What about your discoveries has most profoundly affected your life and the way you live it?
A: In the first instant of acquiring my new insights into how cells worked, I was completely transformed.  As a conventional scientist, I taught my students that genes controlled life and that we were essentially "victims" of our heredity.  When I first recognized that the brain of the cell was the cell membrane, rather than genes, I was blown away, for the mechanism revealed that life was controlled by signals from the "environment." The significance of this finding is that the identity of the "self," distinguishing one individual from another, would also represent an environmental (external) signal. 

If the cell (organism) dies, its identity signal is still present in the environment.  At that moment of awareness, I realized that we have an externalized "identity" (spirit) and are immortal.  The realization of a transcendent "identity" brought an amazing sense of peace into my life, for I had truly lost the greatest of all fears…death.  It was the most profound experience for me, a non-spiritual scientist that wasn't even looking for that particular understanding.
Subsequently, my life was transformed when I realized how my developmental experiences programmed my genes and behavior.  With this knowledge I was able to rewrite limiting, self-sabotaging beliefs that were keeping me from experiencing the health, love and joy we all seek.  I have actively created a wonderful healthy, fulfilling life and supporting environment. I love my days, sleep like a baby and enjoy life without the necessity of taking a single pharmaceutical drug!

One of the most important things I learned through my research was that human beings were biologically modeled after the anatomy and physiology of single cells.  Cells are in a sense, miniature people.  My research provided insight into understanding how the fifty trillion cells that comprise the human body can live in health and harmony under the skin.  I was able to apply the fundamental principles of cellular life to the way I was living my life with great success.  In the words of old hippie philosophy, I was "cleaning up my own backyard before cleaning up the world."  I learned to live better and healthier on less money, not only through modeling my efficiency upon cellular life, but also because my personal joy and satisfaction in life was no longer linked to consumerism.  My pleasures are now directly derived through my appreciation of Gaia, my family and my community.

Q: If you were to choose one area that you feel is your greatest challenge in sharing your discoveries, what would that be?
A: As mentioned, the new science reveals that our preoccupation with competition and consumerism is compromising our species and our environment.  There is a lot of money trying to keep us from evolving.  Corporate and government interests, playing on our Darwinian fears, are undermining our civilization and environment.  Simply, self-empowerment is not in the interest of those whose focus is to "control" civilization.

Wars, social and moral decay, faltering education, famine and much of our disease will be eliminated when the new science becomes common knowledge.  The self-empowerment offered by the new science is a threat to those organizations that profit from war and ill health. Among others, these organizations include the military-industrial complex, the larger biomedical-pharmaceutical industry and those fundamentalist religions that encourage violence and self-limitation in seeking their ends.

Presently, these organizations are spending vast sums of money, enough to solve civilization's problems, to "control" and limit our abilities via the news, magazines and television programming.  Consequently, it is a difficult endeavor to fight the tide of self-limiting, self-defeating propaganda sponsored by the moneyed interests.  Yet, in recent years I have noticed vast changes in consciousness by people who intuitively know we are on the wrong track and are looking for a course correction.  Fortunately, books like The Biology of Belief, as well as a number of other new works of science, are aimed at introducing the mass reading audience to the life-changing power of their conscious mind.  I believe we are approaching a threshold, like the notion of the hundredth monkey, where the new science will appear to spontaneously change the direction of civilization and save us from our excesses.

Q: When you consider your existing science and what other discoveries undoubtedly lie ahead, who do you believe human beings are capable of becoming?
A: We will learn that if there is a "heaven," it is right here on Earth.  We will learn how to recreate the proverbial Garden of Eden.  In this new awareness we will be able to guide our own stem cells to renew our lives, without the use of pharmaceutical agents. Like breathairian's, we will also learn to capture energy directly from the environment and will no longer be dependent upon the massive quantities of food we now think we need to eat.  This awareness should provide us with a natural lifespan of at least 120-140 years, while simultaneously taking the pressure off the environment to feed us. Interestingly, current research reveals that we can double the life of laboratory organisms by simply curtailing their metabolic intake.

The new science provides insight into how we manifest our reality.  Since most people are looking for happiness, joy and health, their collective vision can create such a reality.  Such a culture would be one that does not encourage disharmony and disease.  That's already a good start in revitalizing Eden.

Q: When you witness the range of responses to your material - from great joy to outrage, no doubt! - what is it that keeps you moving forward?
A: The simplest answer is that I have found Heaven on Earth by personally applying the principles of the new science to the way I carry out my own life.  I love my job of bringing this new science to the public, for in my travels, I have seen many people use this information to "taken control" of their own lives.  There is nothing more joyous than to see an individual overcome physical and emotional adversity through self-empowerment.  And on a more self-serving level, the more people create harmony in their world, the more harmony I experience in my world.

More Reviews
"Bruce Lipton's book is the definitive summary of the new biology and all it implies. It is magnificent, profound beyond words, and a delight to read. It synthesizes an encyclopedia of critical new information into a brilliant yet simple package. These pages contain a genuine revolution in thought and understanding, one so radical that it can change the world."
- Joseph Chilton Pearce, Ph.D.
Author of "Magical Child" and "Evolution's End"

"Bruce Lipton's delightfully-written The Biology of Belief is a much needed antidote to the "bottom-up" materialism of today's society. The idea that DNA encodes all of life's development is being successfully employed in genetic engineering. At the same time, the shortfall of this approach is becoming evident. The Biology of Belief is a review of a quarter-century of pioneering results in Epigenetics, heralded by The Wall Street Science Journal in mid-2004 as an important new field. Its personal style makes it eminently readable and enjoyable."
- Karl H. Pribram, M.D., PhD., (Hon. Multi)
Professor Emeritus, Stanford University

 "In this paradigm-busting book, Bruce Lipton delivers a TKO to Old Biology. With a left to Darwinian dogma and a right to allopathic medicine, he breaks out of the physicalist box into enlightenment on the mind/body (belief/biology) system. Must read, much fun."
- Ralph Abraham, Ph.D.
Professor of Mathematics, University of California
Author of "Chaos, Gaia, Eros"

"Powerful! Elegant! Simple! In a style that is as accessible as it is meaningful, Dr. Bruce Lipton offers nothing less that the long sought-after "missing link" between life and consciousness. In doing so, he answers the oldest questions, and solves the deepest mysteries, of our past. I have no doubt that The Biology of Belief will become a cornerstone for the science of the new millennium."
- Gregg Braden
New York Times best-selling author of "The God Code" and "The Isaiah Effect"

I finished reading this book with the same sense of profound respect I have when I am with Bruce Lipton - that I have been touched by a revolutionary sense of the truth.  He is both a scientist and a philosopher; a scientist in that he provides us with tools to alter cultural consciousness; and a philosopher because he challenges our beliefs about the very nature of our perceived reality.  He is helping us create our own futures.
- Guy F. Riekeman, D.C.
President, Life University and College of Chiropractic

"The Biology of Belief: Unleashing the Power of Consciousness, Matter and Miracles - is a milestone for evolving humanity. What Dr. Bruce Lipton has provided through his amazing research and this inspiring book is a new, more awakened science of human growth and transformation. Instead of being limited by the genetic or biological constraints that humanity has been programmed to live by, humanity now has before it a way of unleashing its true spiritual potential with the help of simply transformed beliefs guided by 'the gentle and loving hand of God.' A definite must read for those dedicated to the mind/body movement and to the true essence of healing."
- John F. Demartini, D.C.
Best-selling author of "Count Your Blessings" and "The Breakthrough Experience"

"Dr. Lipton's revolutionary research has uncovered the missing connections between biology, psychology and spirituality. If you want to understand the deepest mysteries of life, this is one of the most important books you will ever read."
- Dennis Perman, D.C.
Co-Founder, The Master's Circle

"In a world of chaos, Dr. Lipton brings clarity to mankind. His work is thought-provoking, insightful and will hopefully lead people to ask better quality questions in their lives, and to make better decisions. One of the most exciting books I have read, this is a 'must read'."
- Brian Kelly, D.C., President, New Zealand College of Chiropractic
President, Australian Spinal Research Foundation

The Biology of Belief: Unleashing the Power of Consciousness, Matter and Miracles, offers new insights and understanding into the interface between biological organisms, the environment and the influence of thought, perception and subconscious awareness on the expression of one's body healing potential. With the broad application of concepts and well-referenced explanations and examples, it makes this book a refreshing "must read" for the student of the biological, social and health care sciences.  Yet, the clarity of presentation provides an ease of understanding making this enjoyable reading for the general reader audience.
- Carl S. Cleveland III, D.C.
President, Cleveland Chiropractic College

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